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OFFICIAL NAME: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

REGION: sub-Saharan Africa

GDP: 42.516 billion USD (IMF 2012 estimate)

POPULATION: 93,877,025 million (July 2013 estimate)

TOTAL AREA: 1 104 300 km2

CAPITAL: Addis Ababa


OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Oromiffa (official regional) 33.8%, Amharic (official) 29.3%, Somali 6.2%, Tigrigna (official regional) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Guragiegna 2%, Afar 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, other 11.7%, English (official, major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (2007 census)


GDP – real growth rate (estimate): 9% in 2010, 10% in 2009, 11.% in 2008


CURRENCY: Ethiopian birr (ETB)


MAJOR EXPORTS: coffee, livestock products (skins and hides, leather, live animals and meat), pulses, oil seeds, spices, cotton, fruits, vegetables, textiles, natural gum, mineral products


MAJOR IMPORTS: petroleum products, civil aircraft, vehicles, spare parts, construction equipment, medical and pharmaceutical products, industrial equipment and machinery, agricultural and industrial chemicals, agricultural machinery, hybrid seed, fertilizers, irrigation equipment, consumer goods.


USEFUL LINKS ((conventions and  other instruments ratified or signed):