OFFICIAL NAME: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
REGION: sub-Saharan Africa
GDP: 42.516 billion USD (IMF 2012 estimate)
POPULATION: 93,877,025 million (July 2013 estimate)
TOTAL AREA: 1 104 300 km2
CAPITAL: Addis Ababa
LARGEST CITY: Addis Ababa
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Oromiffa (official regional) 33.8%, Amharic (official) 29.3%, Somali 6.2%, Tigrigna (official regional) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Guragiegna 2%, Afar 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, other 11.7%, English (official, major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (2007 census)
GDP – real growth rate (estimate): 9% in 2010, 10% in 2009, 11.% in 2008
CURRENCY: Ethiopian birr (ETB)
MAJOR EXPORTS: coffee, livestock products (skins and hides, leather, live animals and meat), pulses, oil seeds, spices, cotton, fruits, vegetables, textiles, natural gum, mineral products
MAJOR IMPORTS: petroleum products, civil aircraft, vehicles, spare parts, construction equipment, medical and pharmaceutical products, industrial equipment and machinery, agricultural and industrial chemicals, agricultural machinery, hybrid seed, fertilizers, irrigation equipment, consumer goods.
USEFUL LINKS ((conventions and other instruments ratified or signed):
- International: see the United Nations Treaty Collection, searchable by participant, including countries and institutions. Other search options are available.
- Regional: see the African Union website and that of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern African, etc.
- National: consult the Constitution of Ethiopiaand the Official Gateway of Ethiopia