Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with a total popula- tion of over 100 million. Agriculture accounts for 39% of the national GDP and 80% of national employment. The Ethiopian agricultural sector is made up of predominantly smallholder farmers. According to CSA (2015/16) the country had close to 12.5 million ha land covered by grain production, with Oromia, Amhara and SNNPR accounting for close to 90%. From the total stock of agricultural production, cereals, pulses and oilseeds account for 87%, 10.5% and 2%, respectively.
Pulses are important food and cash crops in Ethiopia. The country produces close to 2.80 million MT of pulses per year with an estimated annual value of US$ 2 billion. They account for 10% and 13% of the national annual produc- tion and coverage, respectively by smallholder farmers. Though inconsistent, the volume of pulse production has increased by over 400,000 MT between 2012 and 2017. The increase is attributed to both increased area coverage as well as improved yield/ ha. Faba bean, chickpea and haricot bean are the most prominent pulses, accounting for over 78% of the total pulse production. On the other hand, mung bean and soybean are fast emerging pulses, particularly in the lowland areas with quadruple and doubling production growths between 2012 and 2017. Oromia and Amhara regions are the leading producers of pulses accounting for over 85% of the national pulse production, while the SNNPR region accounts for 13%.
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